Yes, You Can Grow Beautiful Roses!
Courtesy of the American Rose Society
Basic Rose Culture
- Buy only strong healthy plants. Buy your roses from reliable sources. The American Rose Society's 2006 ARS Guide to U.S. Rose Nurseries is available to ARS members. Plus, the ARS will be giving a free rose bush from Roses Unlimited with an ARS membership application.
- Rose needs a minimum of 4 hours of sunlight, lots of drainage and away from tree roots.
- Before you start planting, do a soil test. The ideal pH for roses is 6.0 - 6.5.
- Dig a hole at least 18 deep and 18 in diameter. Mix soil 1/3 organic matter (peat moss) with 2/3 soil from the hole. Put a handful of Epsom salt, a banana peel and a handful of superphospate in the hole.
- Space rose bushes at least 3 ft apart for hybrid teas and floribundas. English roses and other shrub roses should be spaced at least 4 ft apart.
- Roses need about 1 to 1 ½ of water a week so water more often during the hot spell in the summer. Reduce watering in the fall but do not let your rose bushes enter winter under stressful condition.
- Mulch is important since it keeps out weeds and protects the roots from fluctuations in temperature.
- Rose is a heavy feeder. Use plenty of organic fertilizer. Supplement with chemical fertilizer. Six weeks before the first fall frost, stop the fertilization program.
- Deadhead as soon as the bloom is finished. Pruning controls the size and shape and keeps the roses blooming all season long.
- Spray horticultural oil in late winter thru to late spring to keep blackspot in check. Spray Messenger every 4 weeks.
- Keep the rose beds clean to discourage diseases and insects.
For more help, ask your local Consulting Rosarian; a list available at the ARS website.
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