Yes, You Can Grow Beautiful Roses!
Courtesy of the American Rose Society
Basic Rose Culture
- Buy only strong healthy plants. Buy your roses from reliable sources. The American Rose Society's 2006 ARS Guide to U.S. Rose Nurseries is available to ARS members. Plus, the ARS will be giving a free rose bush from Roses Unlimited with an ARS membership application.
- Rose needs a minimum of 4 hours of sunlight, lots of drainage and away from tree roots.
- Before you start planting, do a soil test. The ideal pH for roses is 6.0 - 6.5.
- Dig a hole at least 18” deep and 18” in diameter. Mix soil 1/3 organic matter (peat moss) with 2/3 soil from the hole. Put a handful of Epsom salt, a banana peel and a handful of superphospate in the hole.
- Space rose bushes at least 3 ft apart for hybrid teas and floribundas. English roses and other shrub roses should be spaced at least 4 ft apart.
- Roses need about 1 to 1 ½” of water a week so water more often during the hot spell in the summer. Reduce watering in the fall but do not let your rose bushes enter winter under stressful condition.
- Mulch is important since it keeps out weeds and protects the roots from fluctuations in temperature.
- Rose is a heavy feeder. Use plenty of organic fertilizer. Supplement with chemical fertilizer. Six weeks before the first fall frost, stop the fertilization program.
- Deadhead as soon as the bloom is finished. Pruning controls the size and shape and keeps the roses blooming all season long.
- Spray horticultural oil in late winter thru to late spring to keep blackspot in check. Spray Messenger every 4 weeks.
- Keep the rose beds clean to discourage diseases and insects.
For more help, ask your local Consulting Rosarian; a list available at the ARS website.
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When You Garden, You Grow!
Every April communities, organizations, and individuals nationwide celebrate gardening during National Garden Month. Gardeners know, and research confirms, that nurturing plants is good for us: attitudes toward health and nutrition improve, kids perform better at school, and community spirit grows. Join the celebration and help to make America a greener, healthier, more livable place!
About National Garden Month
Now is the time to plant many of the grasses and wildflowers that are part of the "rainforest" in our area of the planet - the plains and prairies. The time to reaffirm our faith that there will indeed be a future. A time to remind ourselves that each of us has the right and the responsibility to create little spots of health on an ailing planet. A time to do our part, in the hope that our children and our children's children might have a chance to experience the joys of watching the earth wake up from a long winter's rest to flower into a beautiful spring."-- Bill Neiman, Native American Seed
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